(+84) 96 167 55 66
info@vietanlaw.com

Term of patent protection in Vietnam

In recent years, with the increasing socio-economic development, the role of creativity and human intelligence has been enhanced. Accordingly, individuals, organizations and businesses are more interested in the provisions of the Intellectual Property Law, the number of applications for protection of intellectual property rights is increasing. Therefore, when registering for protection of intellectual property rights, authors and patent owners need to be clear about the term of patent protection to ensure the rights of individuals to their products. The term of copyright or some related rights is quite long; of the trademark is 10 years. In the following article, Viet An Law will present the provisions on the term of patent protection in Vietnam under applicable law.

Table of contents

Hide

    Legal basis

    • Law on Intellectual Property 2005, amended and supplemented in 2009, 2019, 2022
    • Circular 01/2007/TT-BKHCN amended and supplemented by Circular 16/2016/TT-BKHCN.

    What is an invention?

    Pursuant to the Intellectual Property Law, “invention” is a technical solution in the form of a product or process to solve a defined problem by applying natural laws. Inventions are also one of the subjects protected by intellectual property rights in Vietnam according to the provisions of Clause 2, Article 3 of the Law on Intellectual Property.

    Inventions are protected exclusively in the form of an invention patent or utility solution patent. Authors and owners of inventions, after registering and being granted a patent by the NOIP, will be legally recognized for protection and protected against acts of infringing upon patent rights.

    In many countries, “invention” is described as a solution to a technical problem. The problem may be old or new, but the solution, to qualify as an invention, must be novel. Inventions require human intervention. Simply finding something that already exists in nature is often called an invention, not an invention. An invention doesn’t have to be something complicated or high-tech, it needs to be a completely new product, highly innovative and capable of being applied in industry and life.

    For example, Ms. Q’s job is to make cakes. After a while, Ms. Q realized that if she continued to knead the cake by hand as usual, it would take a lot of time. Therefore, Ms. B came up with the idea of building a dough kneading machine in order to let the machine replace her to do this job. After completing the fabrication and putting into use, the machine helped Ms. Q shorten the kneading time significantly. In this case, Ms. Q succeeded in creating an invention because it solved a current technical problem.

    What are the terms of patent protection?

    The invention owner shall carry out the procedures for registration of invention protection at the competent industrial property agency. However, not all inventions are protected by law partly because such inventions do not qualify for patent protection.

    Pursuant to Article 58 of the Intellectual Property Law, an invention is protected if it have all following conditions:

    • Novelty;
    • Inventive nature;
    • Capable of industrial application.

    Novelty of inventions:

    • An invention is considered novel if it has not been publicly disclosed in the form of use, written description or any other form in the country or abroad before the date of filing the patent application or before the date of application or the priority date in case the patent application have priorityn right. For example, an enterprise is about to apply for a patent for product A produced by this enterprise, but this product A has been released and tested by everyone before. Therefore, product A have lost the novelty.
    • According to the provisions of law, an invention is considered to have not been publicly disclosed if only a limited number of people know it and are obliged to keep it secret.

    Note: This provision also applies to inventions disclosed in industrial property registration applications or industrial property protection titles published by state management agencies in case the publication is not in accordance with the provisions of law or the application is filed by a person who does not have the right to register.

    Have inventive nature:

    • An invention is considered to have an inventive nature if it is based on technical solutions that have been publicly disclosed in the form of use, written description or in any other form in the country or abroad before the filing date or prior to the priority date of the patent application in which case the patent application enjoys priority, the invention is an inventive step, which cannot be easily created for the invention. with a person with average knowledge of the respective technical field.

    Note: A technical solution that is an invention disclosed according to the provisions of Clauses 3 and 4, Article 60 of the Law on Intellectual Property cannot be used as a basis for assessing the inventive level of such invention.

    Capable of industrial application:

    • An invention is considered to be industrially applicable if it can be made possible to manufacture, mass-produce a product or repeatedly apply the process to which the invention is concerned and a stable result can be obtained.

    In addition, if an invention meets only two conditions: novelty and industrial applicability, the invention shall not be granted a patent but only a utility solution patent.

    Term of patent protection in Vietnam

    The protection period of a patent is 20 years from the filing date and cannot be extended for an additional period of protection under Article 93, Clause 29, Article 1 of the Law of Unlike trademarks and industrial designs, the protection period is extended, while patents are limited in time when they are only protected for a maximum of 20 years and cannot be renewed.

    For example: Patent filing date is 12.10.2023. Patent validity will be 12.10.2043.

    The reason why the patent protection period is only 20 years maximum is to ensure the interests and balance the interests of the public and to encourage the creativity of individuals and organizations. A period of 20 years is enough for the author, the patent holder to profit from his invention before it becomes a popular invention in the public, while also creating conditions for the public has the opportunity to be exposed to those products. During the term of protection, the patent owner has the right to be granted the exclusive right to use, produce and sell the goods or services covered by the invention. This encourages founders, scientists and inventors to invest in research and development of new products. Without a term of protection, founders may not have the incentive to create new products because these products can be copied and sold widely in the market without having to compensate the creators original creation (For example, the acts of designing fake clothes from famous fashion brands).

    However, after the term of protection ends, those inventions will become the common property of the public and can be used freely by the public. This will help new products and technologies that are no longer unfamiliar to the public but become more popular and are developed based on previous inventions. It also helps prevent some companies from retaining the right to forever use new products and technologies without any competition from other founders.

    Some frequently asked questions related to patent protection

    What is the form of patent protection?

    The form of protection of an invention is the subject of industrial property protection and exclusive protection of the content.

    Are patents valid in all countries?

    A patent is a territorial patent. Therefore, in order to be protected for invention to another country, the patent applicant needs to proceed to register the invention to the country he wants to protect. For example, if a patent is granted in Vietnam, it is only valid for the whole territory of Vietnam.

    Can inventions be protected for extended periods of time?

    The protection period of a patent is 20 years from the filing date and cannot be extended for an additional period of protection.

    Unlike trademarks and industrial designs, the protection period is extended, the patent protection period is limited to 20 years and cannot be extended.

    Do patents have to remain in effect?

    An invention patent is valid from the date of grant and lasts until the end of 20 years from the filing date/international filing date. The protection effect should be maintained every year.

    The utility solution patent is valid from the date of grant and lasts until the end of 10 years from the filing date/international filing date. The protection effect should be maintained every year.

    How much is the fee and fee for maintaining the validity of a patent/utility solution?

    According to the Schedule of fees and charges for industrial property specified in Circular 263/2016/TT-BTC, the fees and charges for maintenance of validity of patents/utility solutions are as follows:

    Validity maintenance fee: 100,000 VND/point

    Late maintenance fee: 10% maintenance fee/per month late payment

    Appraisal fee for maintenance request: 160,000 VND/VBBH

    Fee for using VBBH (by year):

    • Years 1-2: 300,000 VND/year/point
    • Year 3-4: 500,000 VND/year/point
    • Year 5-6: 800,000 VND/year/point
    • Years 7-8: 1,200,000 VND/year/point
    • Year 9-10: 1,800,000 VND/year/point
    • Years 11-13: 2,500,000 VND/year/point
    • Year 14-16: 3,300,000 VND/year/point
    • Years 17-20: VND 4,200,000/year/point

    Fee for publication of notice of maintenance record: 120,000 VND/application

    Registration fee for information to maintain validity: 120,000 VND/VBBH.

    What is the procedure for maintaining the validity of a patent protection title?

    According to the provisions of Clause 19, Article 1 of Circular 16/2016/TT-BKHCN, the maintenance of validity of a protection title must be done within 06 months from the expiry date of the validity period. Pursuant to point 20.363.a Consolidation Document No. 07/VBHN-BKHCN, the validity maintenance procedure may be carried out later than the time specified above, but must not exceed 06 months from the expiry date of the validity term. advance and the protection title holder must pay an additional 10% late maintenance fee for each month of late submission.

    When will a patent be terminated ?

    An invention patent shall be invalidated in the following cases:

    • The protection title holder fails to pay the fee for maintaining the validity or extending the validity as prescribed.
    • The protection title holder declares to give up ownership of the invention.
    • The owner of an invention protection title fails to pay the validity maintenance fee within the prescribed time limit.

    Clients need advice on the term of patent protection in Vietnam, patent registration service please contact Viet An Law Firm for the best support.

    Related Acticle

    Conditions for copyright protection in Vietnam

    Conditions for copyright protection in Vietnam

    Intellectual products play an increasingly important role. Thus, the awareness of individuals and organizations in protecting copyright and author-related rights is significantly increasing. However, in reality, many clients are having…
    Copyright registration in Vietnam for paintings

    Copyright registration in Vietnam for paintings

    Copyright is known to be automatically protected right, however, to prevent abuse, copying, and unauthorized display of works, while ensuring the rights and interests of authors in disputes related to…
    Copyright registration in Vietnam for scientific works

    Copyright registration in Vietnam for scientific works

    In an era of increasingly developing society, protecting one’s own rights is gradually receiving more attention, especially shown by the increase in the number of scientific works registered for copyright.…
    The fee for copyright registration in Vietnam

    The fee for copyright registration in Vietnam

    Copyright registration fee is the fee that the work owner and author will have to submit to the registration agency when conducting copyright registration procedures. In the article below, Viet…
    Copyright registration in Vietnam for textbooks

    Copyright registration in Vietnam for textbooks

    Textbooks play an extremely important role in education, not only bringing knowledge to students but also influencing the awareness of the younger generation. Due to the importance of textbooks, how…

    CONTACT VIET AN LAW

    Hanoi Head-office

    #3rd Floor, 125 Hoang Ngan, Hoang Ngan Plaza, Trung Hoa, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam

    info@vietanlaw.com

    Ho Chi Minh city office

    Room 04.68 vs 04.70, 4th Floor, River Gate Residence, 151 – 155 Ben Van Don Street, District 4, HCM, Viet Nam

    hcm@vietanlaw.com

    SPEAK TO OUR LAWYER

    English speaking: (+84) 9 61 67 55 66 - Lawyer Dong Van Thuc ( Alex) (Zalo, Viber, Whatsapp, Wechat)

    Vietnamese speaking: (+84) 9 33 11 33 66 - Dr. Lawyer Do Thi Thu Ha (Zalo, Viber, Whatsapp, Wechat)